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Natural gas will be more and more important for the generation
of electricity and heat. This will help in the fight against smog

Natural gas will increasingly replace coal and will become more and more important in the combined generation
of electricity and heat - confirm experts from EWE Polska. This should help fight for cleaner air. For this, however,
it is necessary to expand gas networks, because today almost half of the Polish population has no access to them.


- Natural gas is a fuel that will replace coal in meeting the growing demand for electricity. In addition, it will also
replace coal in liquidated, exhausted professional power plants. The best way to use gas in the energy sector
is high-efficiency cogeneration and seems to us that its share will grow very dynamically in the future
predicts Dr. Hab. Ryszard Stefański, directorit of the Enterprise Development Department of EWE Polska.


Cogeneration is a technological process that involves simultaneous production of electricity and useful heat
in a combined heat and power plant. It is one of the most efficient methods of primary energy transformation,
providing over 30% savings compared to the generation of energy and heat in a distributed system. In addition,
it is more ecological and contributes to reducing carbon dioxide emissions, therefore cogeneration support
is a tool for ecological energy policy of Poland and the European Union.

- We have many options in the fight for cleaner air
and elimination of low emissions. We have to start
with those that give the most results with the least
financial cost. The first is the elimination of coal
and other solid fuels as a source of heating
in individual homes and apartments. Coal can be
left only in large power and heat plants, which
have an appropriate method of gas filtration
emphasizes Dr. hab. Ryszard Stefański.

An essential element of the fight against smog in Poland should be the development of infrastructure, primarily heating networks and in cities. In Poland, the potential for the development of heating is still very large, over one hundred medium-sized cities do not have a combined heat and power plant, and in many agglomerations, the heating network requires a thorough modernization.


Where there is no heating network, they are replaced by a gas network. However, it is still poorly developed, almost half of the Polish population still has no access to it. In such cases, heat pumps and other electricity-based technologies are a good solution.


- Another way to combat smog is to eliminate diesel as a fuel source for urban transport, especially in city centers.Very important - and low-cost - is also the ecological education of the society. It seems that we have enormous neglect here. From the elementary school level you have to educate about smog and ways to fight this casus. We can also ensure that the cities clean and wash the streets, because a very large part of the smog circulates in a closed cycle - it falls on the streets and rises again - enumerates Dr. Hab. Ryszard Stefański.


In the fight against air pollution in Poland, we can also use new technologies and solutions that have already proved their worth in the German market. They allow to combine energy production from renewable sources with its storage, control and creation of economic incentives for energy consumption from renewable sources when it is available.


- It is important to use electricity when, for example, the sun shines strongly or the wind blows. It is difficult, requires deep digitalization, but such solutions can be introduced. The energy corporations have a huge space here - says dr. hab. Ryszard Stefański. According to the EWE Polska expert, business has a big role to play in the fight against smog. First of all, it can provide the right infrastructure that provides comprehensive, safe and low-emission heating sources


- Our company's mission is to expand the gas network in areas not yet gasified, providing comprehensive services to enterprises, also based on high-efficiency cogeneration, which replaces coal and other solid fuels. This will allow or very high pollutant reductions in urban, suburban and industrial areas - says dr hab. Ryszard Stefański.


Source: Information Agency Newseria

PGNiG is drilling further production wellbores in the Podkarpacie region

Works on the largest natural gas deposit in Poland are in progress. The new drill holes are located in the towns
of Pikulice and Łuczyce - on the southern outskirts of the city of Przemyśl, from which the deposit took its name.


Directional holes - Przemyśl-303K in Pikulice and Przemyśl-299K in Łuczyce - will reach a depth of approximately
2750 m. Drilling works will last in more than a month. After their execution, Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo (PGNiG) plans further production wellbores on both drilling sites.

- Although PGNiG successfully implements the strategy of diversifying the directions of natural gas imports, domestic resources are the most reliable and most profitable source of energy resources
- said Piotr Woźniak, President of the Management
Board of PGNiG SA. - Natural gas obtained in Przemyśl
and its vicinity is of great importance for the country's
energy security and we want it to remain so in the future -
he added.

Originally, the resources of the Przemyśl deposit were estimated at approx. 74 billion m³ of natural gas.
Over 65 years of exploitation brought about 65 billion m³, which means that the deposit was considered
to be in decline. However, the use of modern exploration technologies by PGNiG, as well as in-depth
geological and reservoir analyzes, have demonstrated the potential for unmanageable gas-bearing horizons.
Their availability will allow maintaining the extraction at the current level.


According to estimates by PGNiG, gas production in the entire Podkarpacie region will increase by 28% within
five years. up to 1.75 billion m³ per year. This means greater energy security of the country and additional
benefits for the region. The activities under the concession for natural gas extraction from the Przemyśl No. 100/94 field are managed by the Geology and Operations Department of PGNiG SA, and the drilling works are carried out by Exalo Drilling SA - a company from the PGNiG Capital Group. A request to extend the concession for natural gas production from the field for the next 18 years was submitted to the Ministry
of the Environment on 31 January 2019.


Source: PGNiG S.A.


They are only a few of our articles, the others are available in Polish version.